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Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death in developing countries. Within these cardiovascular diseases globally, ischemic heart disease emerges with cerebrovascular disease as the most frequent causes.

Multidisciplinary action, which involves primary prevention in healthy individuals and secondary prevention in patients who have suffered some form of heart disease and especially in carriers of ischemic heart disease, specifically in survivors of myocardial infarction, causes enormous clearly demonstrated benefits in both the physical and psychological, with decreased morbidity, improved quality of life, most return to work and economic benefits.

In prevention, some atherogenic factors are influenced positively by the performance of physical exercise on an ongoing basis. The golf as a sport with its own characteristics such as low-intensity, dynamic and static while, and practice outdoors gives optimum properties for the practice in patients for both primary and secondary prevention in cardiovascular disease.

Playing golf regularly can help:

In the overweight, weight reduction with the practice of golf can be an important component in weight loss programs, along with a proper diet.

In diabetes, physical training done with golf increases insulin sensitivity and reduces postprandial plasma concentrations of insulin, which helps to a normalization of glucose metabolism.

Hyperlipidemia, the benefit you get exercise during the 4 or 5 hours it takes a round of golf has a favorable effect on lipid metabolism leading to increased HDL-cholesterol and a reduction in the rate of triglycerides.

Hypertension; are discrete changes at rest but clearer effort with a decrease in diastolic pressure and especially the mean pressure. Among the measures hygienic dietary habits and lifestyle, playing golf can contribute to normalization of blood pressure and can also indirectly by reducing weight.

Physical activity in general and playing golf in particular is a decrease in consumption of snuff and better control of psychological behavior in patients with type A personality (stress, anxiety, etc..) By a decreased secretion catecholamine response to exercise in playing golf and outdoor environment where it performs.

In patients who have suffered a coronary event, myocardial infarction or angina and after stabilization of the disease and functional class typified in the remaining patients, there is discharge from the hospital, the patient was prescribed a specific drug treatment and change their ways and habits of life if required, for a better evolution of the disease. Within these recommended changes progressively increase physical exercise with a cardiac rehabilitation plan.

Exercise that develops in golf despite being of low intensity are said to help control cardiovascular risk factors and helps to control anxiety and prevent the onset or progression of a possible depression, two phenomena that are frequently among patients who have suffered a cardiac event.

In short, playing golf as physical exercise is indicated in virtually all cardiac patients with good clinical condition, being included as a sports ground and which may be recommended by cardiologists in both primary and secondary prevention.

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